The black tartarian semi-dwarf cherry is a sweet cherry. Once the tree matures, to keep fruit production high, it needs to be pruned yearly, though it does not have to be pruned as heavily as other fruit trees. Harvest black tartarian cherries as soon as possible, as the cherries tend to crack when it rains. Birds love the mature fruit, so cover the trees with nets.
Check the soil to make sure it is well-draining and is gravelly or sandy loam. The black tartarian semi-dwarf cherry grows in most types of soils, but does best in sandy loam. Other types of soils or soil that holds too much moisture, such as clay, reduce productivity.
Test the soil for the proper pH and the nutrient level. If the pH is not between 6.2 and 6.8, amend the soil as necessary: add limestone to soil that is too acidic and compost for soil that is too alkaline. Till the amendments into the top 6 inches of soil. Till a nutrient-specific fertilizer into the top 6 inches of soil, if the soil is lacking in a specific nutrient.
Dig a planting hole that is three times the size of the root ball and as deep as the root ball. Scarify the sides of the planting hole with a pitchfork. Center the black tartarian in the planting hole, then fill the hole with water. Backfill with soil. Scarifying the sides of the planting hole loosens the soil, so that the roots do not have to "fight" to grow into the soil.
Mulch the cherry tree with at least 3 inches of compost or pulverized bark. The mulch keeps moisture in the ground, ensuring that the tree gets the proper amount of nutrients and moisture. It also protects the roots from severe temperature changes.
Water the cherry tree with at least an inch of water after planting and every week thereafter. Watering deeply ensures that the lower roots get plenty of moisture. If you water frequently and shallowly, you encourage a shallow root ball, which could lead to low production of fruit and an unhealthy tree.
Run a soil test for nutrients and pH every year. Fertilize or, otherwise amend the soil if needed; otherwise, fertilize with flowering shrub and tree fertilizer in the spring every 3rd year.