Rose Flower Varieties

The rose is a perennial vine or shrub from the Rosa genus. It is part of the Rosaceae family. Roses are highly popular in cultivation due to their physical beauty and soft, sweet fragrance. The majority of rose flowers are comprised of five petals, all of which have two lobes (generally pink or white in color). Roses have pinnate leaves, and occasionally have tiny prickles on the stems' undersides. There are many different varieties of roses in existence.

Floribunda Rose

The floribunda rose used to be called hybrid polyantha. These roses tend to be smaller with smaller blooms. The floribunda rose usually grows to about 6 feet in height. The flowers show up in clusters. The foliage of the floribunda rose often wards off diseases, making the plant very low-maintenance. They come in the majority of colors. They do not require a lot of pruning, simply the elimination of damaged or dead wood.

Climbing Rose

The climbing rose tends to grow to between 6 and 10 feet in height. They thrive on partial sun or full sun. Climbing roses produce either big, single flowers or blooms that are clustered together on a stem. They either continually bloom, or bloom merely once a season. Most climbing rose varieties are either variations or mutations of bush roses. They are very vigorous and can appear in many different colors.

Grandiflora Rose

The grandiflora rose is a popular rose that can grow to 7 feet in height and 3 feet in width. Grandifloras are known for combining optimal characteristics of floribunda and hybrid tea roses. Their flowers appear in long-stemmed clusters that repeat continually, similar to floribunda roses. Grandiflora roses are highly resistant against disease and are very hardy plants.

Hybrid Tea Rose

The hybrid tea rose is notable for its particularly showy blooms. They are extremely popular with florists and grow to be between 4 and 6 feet tall and 2 and 3 feet wide. Hybrid tea roses grow upright and tall, and their bases have little foliage. The roses have single blooms on slender and long stems. When they are dormant towards the beginning of the spring, they require thorough pruning to ensure proper air circulation.

Keywords: rose varieties, rose flower varieties, types of roses

About this Author

Isabel Prontes is a freelance writer and traveler residing in Manhattan, NY. She has traveled to five continents and counting. Her work has appeared on a number of websites, such as Travels, and "Happy Living Magazine." Prontes has a professional background in public relations; she received a bachelor's degree in communication studies from Pace University.