Bulbs are hardy perennials that are some of the easiest plants to grow and maintain in the landscape. Spring flowering bulbs will provide early color in the garden while you are waiting for your summer flowers to bloom. For the best show of color, plant bulbs in waves or masses. When choosing spring flowering bulbs, you have a many choices of color, height and form.
Crocus are early bloomers that will add color to your landscape as early as March or April. These spring flowers have dark green, grasslike leaves with silver stripes down the center. The flowers can be purple, yellow, white or striped and they close at night and on cloudy days. Plant them in fall at a depth of 4 inches and space them 3 or 4 inches apart.
Another early bloomer is the hyacinth. Plant hyacinth bulbs in fall 8 inches deep and 6 inches apart to have showy, fragrant flowers in spring. Hyacinth come in a variety of colors including white, yellow, pink, blue and salmon with many small flowers that crowd around a single stalk. They thrive in well-drained soil with full sunlight.
Daffodils are cheerful flowers that can be found in shades of yellow, white, pink and orange. They usually bloom in April and can grow as tall as 24 inches depending on the type. There are three main types of daffodils: miniature, trumpet and large cupped. Miniature daffodils should be planted at a depth of about 4 inches and spaced 4 inches apart, while the other varieties need to be planted about 8 inches deep and spaced about 6 inches apart.
Tulips are a great choice that will provide color from March until May if you plant many different varieties. They can be found in many colors and grow up to 30 inches tall, depending on the variety. Plant tulips in fall at a depth of 8 inches and spaced 6 inches apart. Early bloomers are single early and double early. Some midseason bloomers are Mendel, Darwin and Triumph, and late-blooming tulips include Parrot, Cottage and Fringed.
Siberian squill are bulbs that bloom in spring. They have blue, bell-shaped flowers that grow in loose clusters of three to five blooms. Plant them in large masses 3 inches deep and 4 to 6 inches apart in early fall for early spring flowers. They will thrive in fertile, sandy soil in sunny or partly shady conditions.