Hanging gardens are one solution urban dwellers and those with limited space are turning to so they grow the flowers and vegetables they desire. You may be familiar with hanging flower baskets, but hanging vegetables are far less common. In addition to the space saved, growing vegetables upside-down has several advantages. It eliminates time-consuming garden tasks, such as cultivating, weeding and staking plants, makes watering easier, and lessens the possibility of attacks from ground pests and diseases associated with fruits touching the soil, such as rot. Hanging vegetables also eliminate the need for bending and stooping for watering or harvesting.
Drill a 2-inch hole in the bottom of a large container. Five-gallon buckets or large plastic, hanging pots work well, but smaller containers can be used for smaller plants.
Place a piece of fibrous material--newspaper, landscaping material, coffee filter or just a piece of cloth--over the hole to anchor plants until they get established, and prevent soil from washing out during watering. Make a small slit in the material through which the plant will be inserted, using a knife.
Slide the top of the plant through the slit in the fibrous material from the inside of the container, so that the stems and foliage are visible on the outside, and when the container is upright, the plant will be hanging upside-down.
Grasp the root ball of the plant inside the container and hold it in place while you fill it with a mixture of ½ compost and ½ potting soil, up to an inch below the container rim. Tamp the soil gently as you go.
Plant small crops, such as lettuce, carrots, herbs, or decorative flowering plants, that have similar requirements to those of the bottom plant, in the top of the container, if desired.
Hang the container from a sturdy support, in a sunny location, and water it until water runs out of the bottom hole.