Peat moss, a type of bog or sphagnum moss, provides gardeners with a way to enrich their soil with moisture-retaining organic material. It provides nutrients to the soil as it holds moisture, and makes an excellent mulch atop of garden soil to keep plants warm and healthy. Using sphagnum peat moss in your garden is simple. From lawn care to flower beds and vegetable plots, peat moss improves your plants' health and appearances.
Select a garden area in your yard that receives both sunlight and some shade to allow for a variety of plants. Chop at the ground with a garden hoe. Dig down about 1 inch deep and chop up the large pieces of earth as you dig.
Pile potting soil and kitchen compost on the turned earth. The amount of soil and compost depends on the size of your garden plot. For an 8-by-5 foot plot of land, use approximately 20 lbs. of soil and 10 lbs. of kitchen compost.
Break apart and pile crumbled peat moss atop the pile of soil and compost. For an 8-by-5 foot plot, use about 25 lbs. of sphagnum peat moss.
Mix the soil, compost, peat moss and turned-up earth together with a garden hoe. Chop at solid chunks of peat moss to spread it thoroughly throughout the enriched garden soil.
Sow the flower seeds of your choice according to directions on the flower packets. Sowing instructions vary from strain to strain of flower.
Sprinkle a 1-inch layer of sphagnum peat moss over the top of the sown flower garden.