How to Plant a Coffee Tree


If you live in an area where coffee can grow, you can plant coffee bushes successfully. Although there is not an established USDA hardiness zone defined for coffee bushes, it grows in higher altitudes of tropical and sub-tropical zones. Arabica beans grow at between 1,800 and 3,600 feet between latitude and longitude 16 degrees and 24 degrees. The equatorial region between 10 degrees north latitude and 10 degrees south latitude supports coffee at altitudes between 3,600 feet and 6,300 feet. Coffee grows well in many parts of Hawaii, where world-renowned Kona coffee is grown, in Columbia, Indonesia and Mexico.

Step 1

Clear away any weeds or brush in the area where you want to plant your tree or trees.

Step 2

Mark the center of the location for each tree with a wood or bamboo marker. If you are planting more than one tree or bush, allow at least 12 feet between each tree.

Step 3

Dig holes about 4 feet wide by 4 feet deep for the coffee trees about 2 months before you plan on planting. Because coffee grows in tropical and subtropical areas where freezes are not a problem, you can plant them any time of the year. Dig the holes and place the dirt next to the hole.

Step 4

Re-fill the hole with the dirt, ensuring that it is loosened. Mulch the recently loosened holes with 2 inches of mulch to prevent erosion.

Step 5

Dig holes about 2 feet wide and 2 feet deep after the soil has had about 2 months to rest.

Step 6

Place the young coffee trees in the hole and cover the roots.

Step 7

Cover the recently planted tree with 2 inches of mulch to prevent soil erosion.

Things You'll Need

  • Scythe or shears
  • Wood or bamboo markers
  • Shovel
  • Mulch
  • Young coffee trees


  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the U.N.: Coffee
  • Coffee Research: The Optimal Coffee Environment: Best Climate Conditions for Growing Coffee Beans
Keywords: planting coffee, growing coffee, coffee cultivation

About this Author

Although he grew up in Latin America, Mr. Ma is a writer based in Denver. He has been writing since 1987 and has written for NPR, AP, Boeing, Ford New Holland, Microsoft, RAHCO International, Umax Data Systems and other manufacturers in Taiwan. He studied creative writing at Mankato State University in Minnesota. He speaks fluent Mandarin Chinese, English and reads Spanish.