Easter lilies (Lilium longiflorum) are showy lilies desirable for their huge, fragrant, trumpet-shaped white flowers. They are often given as gifts during the Easter holiday, giving rise to their common name. Almost all Easter lily bulbs sold in America are produced by just 10 growers located along the southern coast of Oregon and the northern coast of California where the cool, moist climate and rich, fertile soil is ideal for these flowers, according to information published by the University of Nebraska. Home gardeners who do not live in such a climate can grow these beautiful flowers in containers.
Choose an Easter lily that is compact, has only one or two blooming flowers, and several still-closed buds. The color of the stem and foliage should be a deep, dark green. Such plants will bloom for up to three weeks in the home if given proper care, according to information published by Iowa State University.
Place your Easter lily where it will receive indirect sunlight (near a curtained or a south-facing window). Bright, hot sunlight may wilt the flowers or scorch the leaves.
Water thoroughly, letting the water run until it drains freely from the bottom of the pot. Don't water again until the surface of the soil feels dry to the touch. Immediately empty the water-catch tray, as fungal disease can occur if the lily is left sitting in water.
Keep the temperatures on the cool side. Information published by Iowa State University recommends temperatures between 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit, with a small drop at night. Do not place the flower near hot or cold drafts.
Set the Easter lily in a sunny window after the flowers fade, and fertilize it each month with a liquid houseplant fertilizer. When there is no danger of frost, replant it in the ground outdoors. The bulb should sit 6 inches below the surface of well-draining soil in a sunny location.
Add a thick layer of mulch around the plant. Wait until the foliage dies down, then cut it off at the surface. New growth will emerge by midsummer, and the plant might bloom again in September, according to information published by the University of Iowa.