How to Arrange Fresh Flowers in a Vase


Vases of fresh flowers brighten many areas of the home, vertical arrangements constructed in glass, ceramic, terracotta or crystal vases. Flowers add color and fragrance to a bathroom, living room mantle, dining table or party room. Bring the outdoors in from the flower garden throughout the growing season. The home gardener is able to create everything from a miniature arrangement with white and purple violets to a mass display in a large ceramic vase filled with a mixture of multi-colored fresh flowers.

Step 1

Gather fresh flowers when the stems are hydrated during the early morning. Cut flowers on a slant with garden shears or sharp knife. Roses, carnations, gladiolus, freesia, mums, lilies and spring blooms are just a few of the garden flowers that work well in a vase arrangement. Choose flowers in shades of one color or a rainbow of garden colors

Step 2

Place a frog floral tool into the bottom of a large vase. Push the flower stems down on to the spikes in the metal or plastic frog piece. The stems will be held in place by the spikes. Hide floral foam in vases that have colored ceramic or non-see-through glass. Fill small vases with greenery, glass marbles or water alone to hold the floral stems in place for a vertical arrangement.

Step 3

Tape a grid pattern onto a round vase for an alternative holding system. Cut waterproof floral tape into lengths that are 2 inches longer than the open mouth of the vase. Press the tape an inch up one side of the vase top, across the open mouth and down the opposite side of the vase. Add several more pieces to create the grid. Leave holes large enough to hold flower stems.

Step 4

Measure the height of the vase. Cut the tallest flowers at a height that is 1 1/2 to two times higher than the vase. Place the tallest flowers into the vase. Add stems that are 3 to 6 inches shorter in the outer edges of the arrangement.

Step 5

Insert optional sprigs of leather leaf, tree fern or evergreens and filler flowers such as baby's breath into the vase. Use a few flowers that bend and flow down the sides of the vase to blend it into the vertical arrangement.

Tips and Warnings

  • Don't choose a vase with a pattern that clashes with the flowers in your arrangement.

Things You'll Need

  • Vase
  • Fresh flowers
  • Greenery
  • Floral shears
  • Floral frog
  • Floral foam
  • Glass marbles
  • Waterproof adhesive tape


  • Floral Craft Resource: Vases, Pots and Containers
  • Floristry Expert: Arranging Flowers
  • Save On Crafts: Eight Basic Flower Designs

Who Can Help

  • Howdini: Floral Arranging Video
Keywords: floral arrangement, garden flowers, vase arrangement, vertical arrangement

About this Author

Suzie Faloon is a freelance writer who has written online content for Demand Studios and Associated Content. As a professional crafter and floral designer, Faloon owned a florist business for nearly 25 years. She completed the Institute of Children's Literature course in 1988.