Approximately 300 species of Aloe vera plants exist, all of which are succulent, tropical plants that originated from Africa. Aloe vera plants can grow outdoors in the ground in subtropical or tropical climates where temperatures never dip below 32 degrees Fahrenheit. In most climates, however, aloe plants are container-grown and kept indoors during the winter.They are low-maintenance and their long leaves are filled with a sap, which is used for a wide range of medicinal purposes, including the treatment of skin burns.
Water your aloe plant once each week during the growing season, allowing the soil to dry out completely before watering. Soak the soil with 1 or 2 cups of water.
Position your aloe plant in full sunlight. Place the plant outdoors in direct sunlight during the summer months.
Feed your aloe plant once each year in the spring with a 10-40-10 NPK (nitrogen-phosphorous-potassium) fertilizer at half the regular dosage. Water your plant generously while or immediately after applying the fertilizer.
Reduce watering to only once per month during the winter. Keep the aloe plant in bright light during that time, bringing it indoors if your climate has winter temperatures below 35 degrees.
Propagate your aloe plant by gently unearthing and repotting the offset shoots that emerge around the base of the mother plant. Remove and repot the offsets when they're about 2 or 3 inches tall.