The Care and Maintenance of Aloe


Approximately 300 species of Aloe vera plants exist, all of which are succulent, tropical plants that originated from Africa. Aloe vera plants can grow outdoors in the ground in subtropical or tropical climates where temperatures never dip below 32 degrees Fahrenheit. In most climates, however, aloe plants are container-grown and kept indoors during the winter.They are low-maintenance and their long leaves are filled with a sap, which is used for a wide range of medicinal purposes, including the treatment of skin burns.

Step 1

Water your aloe plant once each week during the growing season, allowing the soil to dry out completely before watering. Soak the soil with 1 or 2 cups of water.

Step 2

Position your aloe plant in full sunlight. Place the plant outdoors in direct sunlight during the summer months.

Step 3

Feed your aloe plant once each year in the spring with a 10-40-10 NPK (nitrogen-phosphorous-potassium) fertilizer at half the regular dosage. Water your plant generously while or immediately after applying the fertilizer.

Step 4

Reduce watering to only once per month during the winter. Keep the aloe plant in bright light during that time, bringing it indoors if your climate has winter temperatures below 35 degrees.

Step 5

Propagate your aloe plant by gently unearthing and repotting the offset shoots that emerge around the base of the mother plant. Remove and repot the offsets when they're about 2 or 3 inches tall.

Tips and Warnings

  • Don't overwater your aloe plant, because it will rot at its base. If you're using an all-purpose potting mix instead of one specially made for cacti, mix some additional coarse sand or perlite into the potting soil.

Things You'll Need

  • 10-40-10 NPK fertilizer
  • Cactus potting mix
  • Gravel


  • The Garden Helper: How to Grow and Care for Aloe Plants

Who Can Help

  • Plant Care Guru: Aloe
  • Guzman's Garden Centers: Aloe Vera Plant Care and Description
Keywords: aloe plant, Aloe vera, growing Aloe vera

About this Author

Sarah Terry brings 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters, and a plethora of how-to articles. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals.