Aloe, also known as burn plant, is native to Africa and cannot tolerate cold temperatures. In the United States, gardeners commonly cultivate aloe indoors to protect it from the cold. The plant adapts well to household conditions and containers if provided with proper care. Valued for its thick, green foliage and sticky sap that soothes burns and inflammation, the succulent plant is well-suited for accent planting in well-lit rooms. The aloe plant grows slowly and requires only minimal maintenance to thrive.
Plant aloe in a small container just large enough to house the root ball. Use a growing medium made of two parts potting soil and one part coarse sand to provide adequate drainage for the aloe plant.
Keep your indoor aloe plant in a location that receives bright sunlight for most of the day, such as a south or east-facing window. Maintain an average temperature of 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit at night.
Water aloe once every 10 days during the spring, summer and fall months. Reduce the frequency of watering to once every two weeks during winter, when the plant is not actively growing. Never allow standing water to accumulate, or the plant will rot.
Feed once each month during spring, summer and fall using a balanced 10-10-10 NPK houseplant fertilizer. Apply at the rate described on the manufacturer's directions for the best results. Do not fertilize indoor aloe plants during winter.
Repot aloe during spring once every other year to provide fresh soil and more room to grow. Increase the size of the container by 1 to 2 inches to allow room for the roots to expand. Water after replanting to collapse any air pockets in the soil.