Flowering plants, or angiosperms, comprise of hundreds of thousands of species throughout the world. Although the numerous flowers in existence vary in detail from simple to intricate and advanced, anatomically they all share common parts. Each part of a flower plays an important role in the plant's existence and reproductive success.
In male flowers, anthers protrude from the centers of each bloom upon long, fleshy stalks. They contain pollen and pollen-producing capabilities. This allows for pollination via flying insects, birds or wind. Anthers vary in appearance from flower to flower, ranging from thin, hairlike and barely visible to thick, bulbous and grandiose.
The long, fleshy stalks that hold the anthers of flowers are referred to as filaments. The filament of a flower contains nutrients that come from the flower's core to produce pollen for reproduction.
Ovaries and Ovules
Female flowers contain ovaries and ovules. The ovary of a flower is the the bulbous base from which the blossom of the flower blooms. It acts as a casing for the ovules, which are the seed parts of the plant. During the reproductive cycle of the plant, the ovules form into the seeds, which are released by the flower.
The petals of any flower attract pollinators such as hummingbirds, bees and other small creatures that spread the seeds and pollen of the blooms. Striking colors and interesting scent variations make flower petals attractive to pollinators as well as people.