There are two general classes of bamboo. One is called clumping bamboo because it reproduces slowly by growing short runners next to inner canes. Clumping bamboo is not invasive. The second type of bamboo is called running bamboo. It reproduces by fast growing runners that move underground and create new bamboo colonies far away from your initial planting. Running bamboo can often become invasive and usually requires a barrier to prevent growth.
Dig down 36 inches in the place where you would like to grow bamboo. This will be deep enough for any bamboo barriers. Place the soil next to the hole.
Line the hole with a bamboo barrier. Some companies sell plastic bamboo barriers, however you can also make an effective bamboo barrier by lining your hole with concrete several inches thick. If you are growing clumping bamboo, this step may not be necessary. However, if you are unsure whether your bamboo is clumping or running, install a barrier.
Backfill the hole until it is about 10 inches below the surface of the surrounding soil.
Add 2 inches of compost on top of the soil, bringing the level to within 8 inches of the surrounding soil.
Mix the soil and top inch or two of soil until the mix is around 50 percent soil and 50 percent compost.
Lay your bamboo rhizomes on top of the soil with their eyes up.
Cover the rhizomes with 8 inches of soil.
Mulch the planting 2-inches deep to prevent weeds and help hold moisture in the soil.
Give your newly planted bamboo 8 to 10 inches of water for its first watering.
Water your newly planted bamboo with an inch or two of water every two or three days. Feel below the mulch. Water whenever the soil feels dry. Do not allow the ground to dry out until your bamboo is established.