How to Care for Dwarf Citrus Tree

Overview

Dwarf citrus grows smaller than its regular counterparts, allowing growth in containers when soil conditions in the area are poor, or when weather outside in the winter does not allow proper citrus tree growth. Smaller dwarf citrus are also placed in the home as a decorative item, as some dwarf trees do not produce edible fruit. Dwarf citrus is not inhibited to container gardening, as it is possible to plant outside in more temperate regions.

Step 1

Plant your dwarf citrus in a sandy, slightly acidic, all-purpose commercial soil. A peat-moss-based potting mix is usually suitable. When planting outdoors, use a soil rich in humus, with good drainage, burying the tree in a hole 30 inches deep, notes Four Winds Growers.

Step 2

Place your dwarf citrus tree in a south-facing window if planted indoors, or plant it outdoors in an area that receives full sunlight. Citrus trees require around five to six hours of full sunlight a day, notes Colorado State University.

Step 3

Water the soil regularly to keep it moist to the touch. Spray the leaves with a spray bottle and wipe them down with a sponge, or give it a light shower if planted in a container, suggests meyerlemontree.com.

Step 4

Fertilize dwarf citrus trees with a heavy nitrogen fertilizer; an ideal ratio (noted on the packaging) is 2:1:1.

Step 5

Add mulch to the base of a dwarf citrus tree to retain moisture in the soil. Add a 2- to 3-inch layer of mulch, using redwood shavings, fir bark or compost.

Step 6

Remove suckers from the bottom of the tree to reduce nutrient leeching. Suckers are off shoots from the original plant, showing up around the grafting area of the tree. The graft appears as a diagonal scar on the trunk 4 to 8 inches from the soil. Remove suckers that appear, using a pair of pruning shears.

Things You'll Need

  • Water
  • Pruning shears
  • Fertilizer
  • Potting soil
  • Insecticidal soap

References

  • Colorado State: Citrus Trees: An Ideal Indoor Plant Selection
  • Meyer Lemon Tree: Growing Your Indoor Meyer Lemon Tree
  • Four Winds Growers: Growing Citurs in Containers
Keywords: dwarf citrus tree, dwarf citrus care, indoor dwarf citrus

About this Author

Cleveland Van Cecil is a freelancer writer specializing in technology. He has been a freelance writer for three years and has published extensively on eHow.com, writing articles on subjects as diverse as boat motors and hydroponic gardening. Van Cecil has a Bachelor of Arts in liberal arts from Baldwin-Wallace College.