Nothing says summer like a basketful of freshly picked blueberries. And if you plant a blueberry bush in your backyard, you won't have to go far to get them. Blueberries are relatively easy to plant and grow in the right landscape. But, blueberry plants have significant nutritional needs. To make sure that your blueberry bush grows large and nutritious crops of fruit, start the plant on nutritious, acidic soil that has been prepared the previous year.
Take a sample of the soil in the planting site to your local county extension office for testing in late/summer early fall. Use a spade to dig down 6 inches beneath the soil's surface. Collect approximately 1 cup of soil and deposit in a clear plastic container with a lid. The results (which you should receive in one week or so) will inform you of any nutritional deficiencies that your soil may have and its pH level. Blueberries need acidic soil, between 4.5 and 5.0.
Till the planting area (a 5' x 5' area per plant should be sufficient) to a depth of 6 inches. Use a rototiller or hand tiller to turn the soil and break up any clumps. Remove any rocks, plants or roots that you find.
Spread 4 to 6 inches of peat moss over the soil, followed by any fertilizer or gardener's sulfur recommended by your soil test results to increase the soil's nutritional content and lower its pH.
Till the soil again, to a depth of 6 inches, to incorporate the amendments into the soil.
Rake the area smooth.
Pat the soil down with your hands.
Plant your blueberry plant the following year in spring.