How to Identify Roses & Floribunda


Hybrid tea roses and floribunda roses are recognizable by their distinctive features. Well known for their wide color palette, pleasing fragrance and sharp thorns, successful identification relies on understanding the stand-out characteristics. Floribunda roses, a modern division of roses created after 1867, can be identified with knowledge of their slightly different traits from hybrid tea roses. Additionally, for all roses, a significant factor in identification involves understanding the environment in which these flowers thrive and are commonly found.

Step 1

Identify roses based on physical characteristics. Hybrid tea roses produce single blooms, while floribunda roses display bunches of blooms. Known for their showy beauty, hybrid tea blossoms are full and soft to the touch with green foliage and typically thorny stems. Expect to see roses in nearly every color except for blue. Floribunda rose clusters are found in colors from white to crimson red. While most roses bloom once a year, floribundas are known as repeat bloomers, blooming several times during the growing season.

Step 2

Study growth characteristics. All roses generally have a rapid growth rate, reaching their maximum height sometimes within only a few years. Hybrid tea roses reach heights, depending on variety, from 8 inches (for miniature roses) to several feet in shrub form, as well as varieties that climb trees and ascend to a height upwards of 50 feet. Floribunda roses reach a height of 3 to 4 feet.

Step 3

Follow your nose. Roses are often prized for their aromatic qualities and can provide a carrying, pleasing scent. Though identifying many roses is accomplished through the sense of smell, pinpointing a floribunda rose will still require olfactory senses, but they will reveal their identification through a lack of fragrance. Most floribunda roses are not aromatic.

Step 4

Observe your environment when attempting to identify hybrid tea roses and floribundas. Though hybrid tea roses and floribunda roses often differ slightly in characteristics, all roses have similar care requirements. Thriving in full sunlight, both hybrid tea roses and floribundas prefer morning light for up to eight hours and afternoon shade. Soil requirements include loose, moist, well-drained acid soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.

Tips and Warnings

  • Wear gardening gloves when dealing with roses; sharp thorns easily scratch skin.


  • North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service: Roses for North Carolina; Kim Powell
  • Clemson University Extension: Growing Roses; Karen Russ and Bob Polomski
Keywords: roses floribunda fragrance, identify roses floribunda, rose floribunda characteristics

About this Author

Tarah Damask's writing career, beginning in 2003, includes experience as a fashion writer/editor for Neiman Marcus, short fiction publications in "North Texas Review," a self-published novel, band biographies, charter school curriculum, and articles for eHow. She has a love for words and is an avid observer. Damask holds a Master of Arts in English and creative writing from the University of North Texas.