Before you start your own vineyard, there are several things to consider. The most important is the type of grapevine to buy. This decision should be based on your personal taste, the final product you wish to produce and the climactic and cultural conditions of your land. If you do not consider yourself an expert vintner, this decision should be made with the help of a professional. Once you decide on the variety, locate a reputable vineyard or nursery and buy high-quality vines that you have inspected for health and viability.
Inspect the graft union of the vine that you are buying--make sure there are no gaps in the graft. Test its strength by bending it slightly; it should not gap or break apart.
Inspect the vine's roots. Only buy vine cuttings with strong, well-developed roots.
Inspect the vine's bark. It should be a rich, dark brown. Avoid black vines. This is often a sign of a fungal infection. Also avoid vines with wood that is soft or spongy.
Look for vine cuttings that are 1 to 1 1/2 feet long with at least six buds. Avoid thick or thin cuttings. Ideal vine cuttings are roughly the size of a pen.