The Types of Bulb Flowers

Most flower bulbs can be left in the ground over the winter to delight gardeners the following spring by popping up with a bright, fragrant display of flowers. There is an array of stunning flowers that grow from bulbs--tulips, daffodils, lilies, hyacinth--all showcasing lush foliage and waxy, brightly colored blooms.

Grape Hyacinth

Easy to grow and low maintenance, grape hyacinth (Muscari spp.) is a flowering perennial that can be grown from a bulb with little effort. A native of Southwestern Asia and the Mediterranean, grape hyacinth is a distinct looking plant that is notable for its rows of bell shaped purple, lilac or pinkish white flowers. The plant grows best in full sunlight, with some shade in hotter climates. Soil should be well drained and moist.


A member of the Lily family, tulips (Tulipa spp.) are widely cultivated throughout the world. Though heavily associated with Holland and the Netherlands, Tulips are actually native to Asia. The spring-blooming plants grow from bulbs, producing cup-shaped blooms in shades ranging from yellow, purple, pink, red and white depending on cultivar. Tulips are a little tricky to grow, requiring soil that is enriched with phosphorus and potassium. Tulips should be grown in full sunlight in cooler climates, and in partial sunlight in warmer climates.

Cape Lily

A hybrid plant from South Africa, Cape Lily (Crinum X powellii) grows from a large bulb that can be up to 7 inches long. The plant boasts long, fleshy green leaves and tubular blooms in shades of white, pink or both. Cape lily will do best in full sunlight, though they tolerate partial shade. The plant should be grown in rich, fertile soil that is kept moist. Avoid ingesting the plant, as it is quite toxic. The sap of the cape lily can also cause skin irritation in some people.

Keywords: bulb flowers, flower bulbs, flower types

About this Author

Michelle Wishhart is a writer based out of Astoria, Ore. She has been writing professionally for five years, starting with her position as a staff arts writer for an alternative weekly paper in Santa Cruz. She has a B.A. in fine arts from the University of California in Santa Cruz and a minor in English literature.