Measure the area of the garden and transfer that measurement onto graph paper using a ruler. Draw your garden on paper before planting any plants. This will ensure that you have the best possible plan and planting area for the vegetables possible.
Plant your vegetable families together. This will aid in the rotating of plants from year to year. All gardens need to rotate vegetables and fruit from year to year. When doing this, make sure to fertilize or compost the soil before you replant any vegetables or fruit.
Plant legumes (peas, beans and limas) in one section of the garden. Legume family vegetables contain pods or beans.
Plant brassicas (cabbage, kale, broccoli, collards, cauliflower, kohlrabi and Brussels sprouts) in one section of the garden. According to the University of Wisconsin, brassicas plants grow fast.
Plant vine crops (cucumber, melons and squash) in one section of the garden.
Plant nightshade family vegetables (peppers, tomatoes, potatoes and eggplant) in one section of the garden. According to Waynes Word, the nightshade family contains several species of fruit better know to people as vegetables.
Plant root vegetables (beets, carrots, turnips, salsify, parsnips, radishes, rutabagas, onions, garlic and leeks) in one section of the garden.
Plant leafy greens (lettuce, spinach and chard) in one section of the garden. Plant your green leafy vegetables close together in your garden. These do not need to be spaced far apart.
Plant your tallest crops on the north side of your garden. This ensures that they do not shade the shorter ones. If you do not plant your tallest crops in back, plant rows running north to south in your garden.
Plant vegetables and fruit according to your climate that you live in. Certain vegetables and fruits will not grow in certain areas.