How to Lay Bermuda Grass


Many landscape designers and homeowners use lawn grasses to provide an effective groundcover in yards, parks and sporting fields. Individual, small plants make up the large expanses of grass in lawns. Although various types of grasses exhibit characteristics that make them suitable for lawn covers, Bermuda grass thrives in a broad range of climates and requires little care. Installing a lawn with Bermuda grass sod provides quick coverage to bare surfaces and areas of new construction.

Step 1

Test the soil in the area of your new lawn to determine the overall health of your existing soil. Bermuda grass requires adequate amounts of nitrogen for proper growth and maturity. This type of grass grows best in soils with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0. Purchase any soil amendments that may be missing in your soil, as stated in the results of your soil test.

Step 2

Loosen about 4 to 6 inches of topsoil with a rototiller. Till on a dry, calm day in the fall when the soil is slightly dry. Incorporate your soil amendments into your existing soil, according to the instructions on your test results. Add some organic matter, such as compost to heavy, clay soils to allow them to absorb moisture before laying your new Bermuda grass sod. Smooth the surface with a garden rake.

Step 3

Apply a light mist of water to your sod as soon as it arrives. Keep the pallets of sod out of the sun by placing them in a shady spot or covering them with a reflective tarp.

Step 4

Begin laying your sod on one side of your lawn, working across the lawn towards the opposite side. Form your first row by placing the pieces closely together, without gaps between them. Stagger the joints in each subsequent row so no two joints touch one another.

Step 5

Soak your new sod with a garden hose. Apply about 2 inches of water all over your new lawn. Allow sufficient time for the surface of the Bermuda grass to become slightly dry. Tamp the new sod with a sod tamper to encourage the sod to seal to the underlying soil.

Tips and Warnings

  • Avoid tilling wet soil, especially soil high in clay. Disturbing heavy soils when wet tends to form hard and unworkable clumps when dry.

Things You'll Need

  • Soil test
  • Rototiller
  • Compost
  • Rake
  • Water
  • Sod tamper


  • University of Rhode Island: Installing a Sod Lawn
  • Peachnet: Bermudagrass for Turf
  • "Sustainable Soils", Benjamin Wolf, 2003

Who Can Help

  • Virginia Tech: Why Sod?
Keywords: Bermuda grass sod, install Bermuda grass, lay sod lawn

About this Author

Laura Dee is a writer, artist, and the co-owner of Wallace & Wallace Copywriting,an online business which specializes in providing marketing materials and copy to various companies. She has written for Demand Studios since 2008 and is currently working on a series of childrens' picture books.