The Florida peninsula, with its diverse climate from the hot dry areas in the south, to the wetlands and marshes of the Everglades to the more temperate areas in the north. Gardeners in Florida choose from plants off all types that are native to the state and fit in perfectly in a Florida landscape.
Pignut hickory (Carya glabra) grows from 50 to 60 feet tall with a spread from 25 to 25 feet wide. Compound, yellow-green, deciduous leaves grow from 8 to 12 inches long and turn yellow in the fall. The tree produces a round, edible nut encased in a thick shell that splits at the bottom when the nut is mature. Plant pignut hickory in full sun or partial shade and moist, fertile well-drained soil.
Florida greeneyes (Berlandiera subacaulis) is also known as common greeneyes. Small flowers grow in tight clusters that have the appearance of one large central disk surrounded by yellow petals. The plant is found only in Florida, grows from 1 to 3 feet tall, is a favorite food source for butterflies and blooms all year long. Plant Florida greeneyes in full sun and a dry soil.
Spotted horsemint ( Monarda punctata) grows as a shrub from 3 to 4 feet tall. The lance shaped leaves have short stems and grow from 1 to 3 inches long. Small flowers grow in clusters and are surrounded by pink or lavender petals. Plant spotted horsemint in full sun or partial shade and a soil that is moist to dry.
Big floatingheart (Nymphoides aquatica) is an aquatic plant with heart-shaped leaves that grow on long stalks and float on the surface of the water. Small, 1/2-inch wide flowers grow in flat-topped clusters surrounded by five, white petals and bloom from May through September. Plant big floatingheart at the bottom of a pond located in partial shade.
Slash pine (Pinus elliotti) is a stately-looking tree that grows up to 100 feet tall, 3 feet in diameter and produces dark-green needles that measure from 10 to 12 inches long and pine cones from 6 to 19 inches long. Plant slash pine in full or partial sun and a soil that is moist.
Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) is a member of the rose family whose outstanding feature is the sharp spines growing at the tips of the twigs. The plant grows as a shrub from 6 to 12 feet tall or a small tree up to 25 feet tall. The leaves are toothed with red or yellow glands at the tips, the fragrant white flowers measure 1 inch across and bloom in the late winter or early spring before the leaves put in their appearance. The fruit is red, oval-shaped and edible. Wildlife will come for the fruits. Plant Chickasaw plum in full sun and soil that is moist to dry.