Types of Vegetables to Grow

Vegetables are categorized by their type: root vegetables are edible plant roots; bulb vegetables are edible bulbs and leafy vegetables are edible leaves. Vegetables are further differentiated by when they are planted; however, these two categories are not mutually exclusive. For example, some root vegetables are cool-season vegetables and others must be planted after the last frost.

Bulb Vegetables

There are a wide assortment of bulb vegetables. Garlic matures into a cluster of bulbets. Scallions and leeks are grown more often than onions, according to the "Reader's Digest Illustrated Guide to Gardening," because home-grown scallions and leeks are more flavorful. Shallots are similar to garlic in appearance but have a more delicate flavor.

Leafy Vegetables

There are several different types of leaf vegetables with the most recognizable being lettuce. Lettuce varieties include crispheads, which form a solid head with white, densely packed inner leaves; loose heads, such as bibbs or butterheads with thick outer leaves covering a yellow or white center; romaine, which are tall, upright heads with long, thick leaves; and looseleaf that do not form heads, according to "Gardening" by the National Gardening Association. Kale is a hardy, leafy vegetable that tolerates fall frost. Collard looks like an elongated cabbage.

Root Vegetables

Root vegetables are edible plant roots. Turnips are a cool weather crop that can be harvested any time during the growing season. Sweet potatoes are a warm season root vegetable that has a 150-day harvest cycle, according to "Fruits and Vegetables." Radishes are available in different colors including red and white, and red and black. Carrots are warm weather annuals. Beets are fast-growing and as a cool-season vegetable, can be planted in early spring and then into the fall.

Keywords: types of vegetables, vegetable types, vegetables to grow

About this Author

Caroline Fritz has more than 18 years of writing and editing experience, mainly for publications in Northwest Ohio. She is currently an editor for a national technical magazine focusing on the construction industry. She has a Bachelor of Science in journalism from Bowling Green State University in Bowling Green, Ohio.