Native to South Africa, the jade plant (Crassula argentea) is a winter-blooming succulent plant that's most commonly grown as a houseplant indoors. The jade plant has thick fleshy stems and leaves with reddish-tinged edges. Jade plants typically grow up to 2 feet tall when grown as houseplants, but they can reach up to 10 feet in the wild. The jade plant blooms in hundreds of white, star-shaped flowers on the branch tips during winter. This succulent plant is easy to grow and even thrives on neglect, but it requires specific conditions in order to bloom.
Position your jade plant in full to partial sunlight. Keep air temperatures around your jade plant between 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit at night and 70 to 80 degrees during the day, but never colder than 45 degrees.
Water the jade plant thoroughly until the water drains from the bottom of the pot, only when the potting soil becomes nearly dry. Don't over-water the jade plant, because it's extremely susceptible to root rot. You'll likely need to water the plant once each week or less.
Fertilize the jade plant once every month while it's actively growing from April through October with a 10-10-10 or 20-20-20 NPK liquid indoor plant fertilizer at half the dosage rate indicated on the label.
Induce blooming by allowing the jade plant to become pot-bound and keeping the plant in total darkness at night during late fall and winter. From November through March, reduce watering to only once per month and stop fertilizing the jade plant.
Leach out any buildup of fertilizer salts from the potting soil once every two to three months. Pour water into the jade plant's pot until it drains through the bottom drainage holes for two to three minutes. Allow the water to drain completely, and then wait until the potting soil is almost completely dry to water again.