The fuchsia plant, a flowering perennial native to Mexico and South America, produces brilliantly colored blossoms on long, trailing stems. Hardy to USDA zone 10, fuchsia cannot survive in cold climates. While it performs as a perennial in zones 10 and 11, the plant is most commonly grown as a houseplant throughout much of the United States. Suitable for hanging baskets due to its trailing growth habit, the fuchsia plant can bloom all year long, though it usually only blooms for three to four months at a time indoors. More than 3,000 different cultivars of the fuchsia plant exist, and all of them share similar care requirements.
Keep fuchsia plant in a location that receives bright, indirect sunlight throughout the day, such as an east-, west- or south-facing window. Maintain a temperature of 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 50 to 60 degrees at night for optimal growth.
Water during spring and summer when the surface of the soil feels dry, about once per week. Reduce watering frequency to once every 10 days during fall to prepare the plant for its dormant period. Apply water once every two to three weeks during winter, just enough to prevent growing medium from drying out completely.
Feed the fuchsia plant once every two to four weeks during spring and summer using a complete 20-20-20 NPK fertilizer. Apply at the rate suggested by the manufacturer's instructions for the best results. Water lightly before and after fertilizing to help the nutrients penetrate the soil.
Pinch off the tip of each new shoot after it has produced two full sets of leaves to promote a bushier, more compact growth habit. Start pinching during mid-spring and cease about a month before the first frost of winter.
Re-pot fuchsia plant once every two to three years, or whenever the plant has grown too large for its current container. Increase the size of the new pot by 3 to 4 inches and use a fresh growing medium made of equal parts potting soil, vermiculite, peat moss and coarse sand.