The blueberry is a woody shrub that produces an edible berry. The plant is native to North America and grows best in an acidic soil. Propagate blueberries by taking softwood cuttings after the first major flush of growth in the months of May or June. Collect the blueberry stems during the early morning hours to prevent them from drying quickly. Cut the stems carefully to prevent the wood from crushing, which will lower the propagation success rate.
Cut a 6 -to 8-inch stem from the blueberry plant once the first flush of growth is complete, using a sharp knife. Choose current-year growth that is starting to mature yet still is flexible when bent. Wrap the cuttings in a wet paper towel and place them in a plastic bag until ready to prepare for rooting.
Prepare a rooting medium for the blueberry cuttings by mixing equal parts of sterile peat moss, coarse sand and perlite. Moisten the medium with water so it is damp but not wet. Fill a rooting tray with the medium and set aside.
Cut off the lower half of the blueberry stem leaves and discard. Dip the lower cut end of the blueberry stem into powdered rooting hormone and gently tap to remove excess. Stick the stem into the rooting tray to a depth of 3 inches. Space the blueberry stems so the cutting and leaves do not touch.
Mist the cuttings with water and cover the entire tray with a clear plastic bag. Place the tray in a warm location that receives filtered light. Open the bag and mist the cuttings lightly two to three times a day. The cuttings need a moist environment for rooting, but do not overwater the medium.
Pull up on the stems after three to four weeks in the misting environment to see if there is resistance from root formation. Grow the blueberry stems in the tray until the roots are at least 1 inch long.
Transplant the blueberry stems to individual containers filled with a good-quality potting soil. Grow the cuttings in a protected area for the first year. Apply a balanced water-soluble fertilizer at 1/2 rate to stimulate growth.