A country herb garden contains both medicinal and culinary herbs. Some herbs, such as rosemary, lavender, sage and thyme, are used both in cooking and for teas to boost your health. Other herbs, such as horehound, are used specifically for medicinal purposes. A country herb garden includes perennial plants that are either evergreen or come back from the root system every spring, and annual plants, such as basil, that live one season, go to seed and die. Design a country herb garden for herbs you will use and enjoy.
Make a list of the different types of herbs you are interested in growing. While researching, pay attention to the uses of each plant and what type of maintenance is required to keep the plant healthy. Look at the growth habit of the plant, especially the eventual mature size of the plant and whether it spreads aggressively. For example, Lemon Grass grows very large and can overwhelm a garden, while mint spreads underground and must be contained.
Locate an area close to your kitchen if you are growing culinary herbs. The area should get at least five hours of sun each day. Although a few herbs, such as parsley, can grow in shade, most herbs prefer full sun. The planting site should be well-drained or capable of being elevated so water drains away from the site.
Measure the size of the garden with a tape measure, keeping in mind the size of the herb plants you have decided to plant. Add in measurements for any paths or borders needed for accessibility. Flower beds should be no wider than 4 feet, unless you can access them from both sides, so you can reach in and cut herbs as needed.
Write down all measurements and draw the overall outline of your herb garden design on a piece of paper.
Group annual and perennial plants together in your herb garden design. Perennial beds contain permanent plantings with mulched plants that should not be disturbed, while annual beds are turned and renewed several times during the growing season. Locate taller herbs so they cannot shade smaller plants.
Create your herb garden design with a focal point. The focal point may be a piece of folk art, sculpture or seating area. Herb gardens are a fragrant place to relax and visitors will be attracted to the area, so make it visually pleasing.