Aloe plants are succulents with thick leaves that are designed to conserve water. There are more than 400 species of aloes. This perennial has been used medicinally for over 2,000 years. Aloes grow naturally in deserts, grasslands, coastlines and mountains. Aloes are commonly grown as houseplants. Every 2 to 3 years, aloes need transplanting to refresh the soil, reduce root crowding and to remove offsets or pups.
Wash a plant pot that is a little larger the old one with soapy water. Rinse with 1 part bleach and 9 parts water to eliminate plant disease and hiding insect pests.
Mix together 1 part potting soil with 1 part sand. This creates a quick-draining soil with enough organic matter to nourish the aloe plant.
Remove the aloe from the plant pot and shake off the soil from the roots. Be gentle so you do not bruise or damage the roots. Remove the dead leaves, flowers stalks and offsets with a sharp knife.
Loosen the roots with your fingers to spread them out. Add enough soil to cover the bottom. Spread the roots over the soil. Adjust the soil to place the aloe plant's leaves just above the soil level. Fill the container the rest of the way with soil.
Firm the soil down to hold the aloe plant in place. Set the newly transplanted aloe plant in a sunny location. Do not water the aloe for 1 week after transplanting.