How to Plant a Norway Spruce Tree


The Norway spruce tree (Picea abies) is a large, evergreen tree that can reach a height of 180 feet, but more commonly stops growing at 100 feet. In Europe, the Norway spruce is used commercially for timber and paper and is a common ornamental planting in parks. It is also a popular Christmas tree. Norway spruce trees are fast-growing and not concerned about the type of soil in which they are planted. Plant the Norway spruce tree in full sunlight in USDA Hardiness Zones 2b to 7a.

Step 1

Choose the planting site for the Norway spruce. Keep in mind the eventual size of the tree and plant it far enough away from structures and overhead power lines.

Step 2

Dig a hole twice the width of the pot in which the Norway spruce tree is growing. The hole should be the same depth as the pot. Lightly scrape the sides and bottom of the hole with the gardening fork to loosen the soil for better root penetration.

Step 3

Remove the Norway spruce from its pot and place the roots in the hole. If the tree is in burlap, carefully slice the burlap and roll it down to the soil. Backfill the hole with soil and tamp lightly around the base of the tree to remove any air pockets in the soil.

Step 4

Water the tree slowly until the water puddles. Keep the soil moist until the tree is established or new growth appears.

Step 5

Spread a 3-inch layer of mulch completely around the tree, starting 2 inches away from the trunk. ‭

Things You'll Need

  • Shovel
  • Gardening fork
  • Mulch


  • U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service: Picea Abies
  • ‭"‬Landscape Management:‭ ‬Planting and Maintenance of Trees,‭ ‬Shrubs and Turfgrass‭;" ‬James R.‭ ‬Feucht and Jack D.‭ ‬Butler‭; ‬1988
  • ‭"‬The Gardener's Guide to Planting and Growing Trees‭;" ‬Michael Buffin‭; ‬2007
Keywords: plant Norwegian spruce, plant Norway spruce, plant Christmas tree

About this Author

Victoria Hunter, a former broadcaster and real estate agent, has provided audio and written services to both small businesses and large corporations, worldwide. Hunter is a freelance writer specializing in the real estate industry. She devotes her spare time to her other passions: gardening and cooking. Hunter holds a Bachelor of Arts in English/creative writing.