Types of Cherry Trees

A majestic spring-blooming tree, the cherry is a magnificent specimen to behold when covered in its clustered, pale blooms. Ranging from bright pink to white, the blooms on cherry trees cover the plant to create a showy garden display. Grown in a wide range of colors, sizes and shapes, each with its distinct form, cherry trees are ideal grown in masses along a driveway or lining a garden wall.

Higan Cherry

Higan cherry (Prunus subhirtella) is a deciduous cherry tree with a moderate growth rate and medium texture. Growing 20 to 40 feet tall and 15 to 30 feet wide, Higan cherry trees have an upright, spreading form. One of the longest lived cherry trees, Higan cherry has white to pink flowers that emerge in spring and grow ½ inch wide. The leaves on Higan cherry trees grow 1 to 4 inches long and turn yellow in fall for a vibrant burst of color to the landscape. Higan cherry trees require full sun and well-drained, moist soil to thrive. Adaptable, Higan cherry trees tolerate clay soil and heat. The USDA Hardiness Zones for planting are 4 to 8.

Okame Cherry

Okame cherry (Prunus 'Okame') is a deciduous tree with an arching, upright and vase-shaped form. Okame cherry trees have medium texture and a moderate to rapid growth rate. Growing 15 to 30 feet tall and 20 to 30 feet wide, Okame cherry trees have stunning pink blooms. Beginning in spring, the fragrant flowers emerge to light up the garden with color. Okame cherry tree leaves grow 1 to 2 ½ inches long and cast a red to orange color in fall. Heat- and cold-tolerant, Okame cherry trees are a versatile cherry variety to grow as specimen tree in a front yard landscape. The bark of the Okame cherry trees is reed to brown with a polished finish. Easy to transplant, Okame cherry trees have a longer blooming season compared to most other cherry varieties. They require full sun and well-drained, moist soils to thrive and tolerate heavy clay soils. The zones for planting are 6 to 8.

Yoshino Cherry

Yoshino cherry (Prunus x yedoensis) trees have a rapid growth rate and rounded growth habit. Growing 35 to 45 feet tall and 30 to 40 feet wide, Yoshino cherry trees have spring-blooming, double-clustered flowers that are pale pink or white. Slightly fragrant, Yoshino cherry trees have bright green leaves that grow up 2 to 4 inches long with serrated edges. Beginning in fall, Yoshino cherry leaves turn yellow to gold in fall. Yoshino cherry trees require sun to light shade and well-drained, moist soils. The zones for planting are 5 to 8.

Keywords: cherry tree types, Higan cherry, Okame cherry, Yoshino cherry

About this Author

Callie Barber is a writer, designer and photographer in North Carolina. Barber's love for design and writing inspired her to create Design Your Revolution, a blog that shares creative and affordable ways to decorate your indoor and outdoor living environment. Her articles have appeared in Travels.com and GardenGuides.com and her photography has been featured in "Automotive News" magazine and Forbes.com.