How to Grow Vegetable Seedlings in a Basement


Gardeners can jump-start growing seasons by growing vegetable seedlings in the basement. This often unused area of the home provides additional gardening space. Curious pets or busy toddlers are away from potential dangers and accidents from the equipment and vegetable seedling containers. No daily living space is sacrificed to make room for the gardening project when growers use the basement. Conditions in most basements require a few adjustments for growing vegetable seedlings successfully.

Step 1

Place an oscillating fan in the basement to improve air circulation. Vegetable seedlings require plenty of airflow to absorb airborne nutrients. Run the fan several hours daily.

Step 2

Install grow lights in the basement. Vegetables have a high-growth rate and seedlings require six to eight hours of quality light for photosynthesis. Use a timer on the grow lights to avoid having to remember to switch them on and off manually.

Step 3

Place a dehumidifier source in the basement. Small disposable dehumidifier products or an electric dehumidifier will work. Often, basements contain more humidity than other parts of the home or outdoors. Too much humidity leads to stunted plant growth and susceptibility to fungus or diseases on vegetable seedling leaves and stems.

Step 4

Write a reminder note to check the vegetable seedlings in the basement daily. It can be easy to forget they are there, and the entire crop could be lost.

Step 5

Fill a recycled gallon jug or soda bottles with clean tap water. Place these in the basement at the time of vegetable seedling planting. Watering is easier when multiple trips to the water source upstairs is not needed.

Tips and Warnings

  • Acclimate vegetable seedlings to the outdoors before transplanting into the garden.

Things You'll Need

  • Vegetable seedlings
  • Oscillating fan
  • Plant grow lights
  • Timer
  • Dehumidifier source
  • Paper and pencil
  • Recycled jugs


  • "The Potted Plant: New Plants and New Approaches for Container Gardens"; Scott Appell; 2001
Keywords: basement vegetables, vegetable seedlings, growing vegetables

About this Author

Lisha Smith writes for several blogs and has freelanced for six years. She has a Bachelor of Arts from UNC-Greensboro in psychology. Smith has self-published several books. Her areas of experience include gardening, cooking, home improvement, pets and mental health.