Fig trees have been a part of Texas since before it became a state. According to the Texas AgriLife extension service, fig trees thrive along the gulf coast but require some protection during the winter months from freezing in the northern part of the state. In drier areas around Texas, fig trees also require supplemental irrigation. Plant a fig tree with a good view of the morning sun to dry the dew from its large leaves. The tree also enjoys full sunlight when fruit is on the limb.
Dig the transplant hole for the fig tree in soil that has good drainage. The hole should be larger in diameter than the root ball of the fig tree, and approximately 2 to 4 inches deeper than the actual root ball depth. Loosen and remove all soil from the transplant hole.
Place the fig tree seedling into the new hole. Backfill soil around the root ball. Tamp the soil gently with your hands around the root ball.
Cut the top of the fig tree with the pruning shears to promote side limb growth on the new tree. Remove just a small portion of the top growth.
Water the new seedling to remove any air that may be trapped next to the roots. Allow the water to soak into the soil, and water again. In most cases adding water three times in the above fashion will soak the roots enough to remove any air. Do not fertilize the fig tree during the first year of growth. The soil will contain enough nutrients.
Mulch around the fig tree to minimize water loss to the roots system. Use a straw mulch to a depth of 2 inches to 3 inches deep. Run the mulch out to the outer limb drip line of the fig tree.