Two varieties of wheat thrive in the United States, white and red. Red wheat produces flavorful breads and other foods. Wheat flourishes in virtually every state. Winter wheat crops offer ease of growth with less weed competition. Winter wheat also contains a higher level of nutrition. Plant it in late-September to mid-October. Allow winter wheat to grow for six to eight weeks prior to the first hard freeze so it builds up a strong root base. In the northern states, spring planting is imperative due to the hard winters. Plant spring wheat in March or April.
Till the soil one to two feet deep two or three weeks before planting wheat. Remove all weeds. Add abundant aged manure to the soil until it feels crumbly to the touch. Tilling the soil is not required if seeding into the stubble from last year. Stubble offers ideal protection for wheat planted prior to winter.
Spread three oz. of wheat seeds per every 100 square feet of garden space using a seed broadcaster. Rake the seeds once they are broadcast so soil covers the seeds lightly. Wheat seeds should never be deeper then one inch in the soil. If seeding into stubble, then rake the seeds into the ground around the stubble once they have been broadcast.
Water newly planted wheat lightly. Most wheat grows well on annual rainfall unless a severe drought hits; then additional irrigation will be required. Winter wheat requires no wintertime irrigation.
Fertilize winter wheat in the early spring prior to a rain, and fertilize spring wheat in the late summer using ammonium nitrate (33-0-0). Apply according to the needs of the soil after performing a soil test. Many garden supply stores sell soil test kits that will help determine the requirements of the garden soil.