How to Plant a Juniperus Virginiana Hedge


An evergreen shrub, the Juniperus virginiana is commonly called the eastern red cedar. Relatively slow growing, it will eventually reach a height of 50 feet, with a 15-foot spread in its native habitat. The tree forms a column shape. In the spring, abundant berry-type cones are formed that turn a brilliant shade of blue. Numerous cultivars offer a more compact hedge size and attain a height of 3 feet, with a 6-foot spread. Highly disease- and pest-resistant, the Juniperus virginiana also offers a sturdy form that is wind-resistant and excellent as a hedge or windbreak.

Step 1

Plant in full sunlight to partial shade. The tree enjoys growing in light loams and rocky soils. It will grow in a soil pH that ranges from 4.5 to 8.5.

Step 2

Dig holes that are spaced 6 feet apart when planting the Juniperus virginiana as a hedge. This gives the tree ample room to spread out in width as it grows to create the ideal natural-appearing hedge. Mix aged manure into the soil until the soil feels crumbly to the touch.

Step 3

Place each tree into its hole at the same soil level that it was planted at in the nursery or within its container. Begin filling in the hole around the tree. Tamp the soil down to remove any air pockets.

Step 4

Water the tree thoroughly upon planting. Once established, the Juniperus virginiana is highly drought-resistant and requires watering only every couple of weeks during dry spells.

Step 5

Fertilize the tree using a general-purpose fertilizer such as 10-10-10. Apply the fertilizer twice per year, once in the spring and once in the summer. Follow the directions on the label for application instructions.

Things You'll Need

  • Shovel
  • Mulch, such as peat moss or bark chipped
  • Aged manure
  • General-purpose 10-10-10 fertilizer


  • Floridata: Juniperus virginiana
  • Texas A & M University: Juniperus virginiana
  • Missouri Botanical Garden: Juniperus virginiana
  • The United States National Arboretum: Good Hedges Make Good Neighbors
  • University of Connecticut: Juniperus virginiana

Who Can Help

  • Virginia Tech: Eastern Red Cedar
Keywords: Juniperus virginiana, eastern red cedar, eastern redcedar, Juniperus virginiana hedge, Juniperus virginiana planting

About this Author

Kimberly Sharpe is a freelance writer with a diverse background. She has worked as a Web writer for the past four years. She writes extensively for Associated Content where she is both a featured home improvement contributor (with special emphasis on gardening) and a parenting contributor. She also writes for Helium. She has worked professionally in the animal care and gardening fields.