Daffodils (Narcissus) are spring flowering bulbs. These perennials reach 8 to 20 inches tall. Yellow, white and orange, fragrant, trumpet-shaped blossoms appear when the soil starts to warm up. Daffodils are originally from Europe. They are used in flower beds, borders, spring groundcovers, rock garden flowers, container plants and cut flowers. Daffodils thrive in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 8.
Remove weeds, grass and brush in an area with full sun exposure in October. Plant while the weather is still nice and the soil is still warm to allow the daffodils to grow roots.
Loosen the soil to the depth of 10 to 12 inches with a shovel. Break up large dirt clumps. Remove any buried debris such as rocks and sticks.
Spread a 1-inch layer of sand over the soil and a 2- to 4-inch layer of peat moss to add drainage and organic materials to the soil. Add a layer of 1/4 cup of 6-24-24 fertilizer for every 12 bulbs. Mix thoroughly by turning the soil over with a shovel.
Dig out the planting area so that the bases of the daffodil bulbs are 6 inches below the soil line. Place the bulbs on the soil with the flat side down and 2 to 4 inches apart. Fill the planting area with soil.
Spread 4 to 6 inches of pine needles, wood chips or shredded bark mulch.
Flood the daffodil bed with water for five minutes. Water the flower bed once a week during the fall to encourage root growth.