Blue grama grass, or Bouteloua gracilis, is often grown in North American prairies. It tolerates drought well and needs little food. The variety is a good choice when establishing a lawn in mountain regions such as Utah, New Mexico and Arizona. Blue grama does not grow well in moist, cold winters, and if it suffers damage, it takes a long time to re-establish itself. Like with other types of grass seed, the most important part of planting is site preparation.
Prepare the planting area two months before the first frost is expected in the fall. Pick up debris, including rocks and sticks. Break up soil clumps that are larger than 1 inch in diameter. Smaller clumps will not disturb blue grama grass seed and can be kept intact.
Level off the planting area. Fill in low-lying spots with top soil. Rake until smooth.
Rototill the top 2 to 3 inches of soil. Loosening it up will help the grass seed root.
Mix the blue grama grass seed with sand at an even ratio. This will help make sure the seed is distributed evenly.
Spread the blue grama grass seed at a rate of 3 to 4 lbs. per 1,000 feet. This is the perfect ratio to make a lush lawn.
Use a hand spreader if you're seeding a small area and a mechanical spreader for larger areas. Make sure you distribute the seeds evenly or you will end up with clumps or gaps. Spread a seed starter fertilizer as per the manufacturer's instructions.
Water the grass seed with a sprinkler set to the oscillating setting. Keep the area evenly moist until the seed germinates. It typically takes blue grama seed seven to 10 days to sprout in warm weather. Keep watering the lawn daily until the grass is 2 inches high.