Trellising is essential for climbing vegetables such as cucumbers, peas, beans and tomatoes. This structure lifts vegetables off the ground, encouraging them to grow vertically to receive maximum sunlight, good air circulation, and prevents rodents or pets from chewing the crop. A trellis also frees ground space, thus expanding your gardening space so you can plant other fruits, vegetables, flowers or herbs there. Bamboo, aluminum poles, wooden posts with netting and PVC pipes are among the few types of vegetable trellises gardeners make for a healthy crop.
Wooden Lattice Trellis
Lay an 8-foot long, 2-by-4 vertically on the ground. Measure a distance of 5 ½-feet from this pole, and lay another identical one parallel to it.
Measure a height of 2 feet from the ends of both the poles and mark it with masking tape. This 2-foot-height forms the 'legs' of the trellis and will be inserted in the ground to hold it upright.
Spread a 6-foot-long 2-by-4 horizontally over the tops of both the vertical posts. Secure it in place by drilling wood screws over each intersection. Also spread an identical post horizontally over the demarcated section of the end posts, and drill it in place with wood screws.
Measure a distance of 36 inches on the top horizontal post and mark it with masking tape. Also measure the same distance on the lower horizontal post and mark it with masking tape, so they correspond one another.
Lay a 6-foot tall 1-by-2 over both corresponding marks and drill it in place with wood screws to form a vertical post that runs through the middle of your structure.
Measure 1 foot down from the left 8-foot long 2-by-4 and mark it. Also mark four more points below this one, spaced a foot apart. Repeat the procedure on the second 8-foot long lumber so the five points correspond each other.
Lay a 6-foot long 1-by-2 horizontally over the first marks on both vertical posts, and drill in place with wood screws. Repeat the procedure for the other four posts, to complete your lattice trellis.
Sketch your trellis on graph paper for appropriate spacing, length and width specifications. Keep the surrounding area or any structures in mind when designing, and make it up to 6-feet tall, allowing two feet to serve as 'legs' in the ground.
Measure and cut bamboo poles for vertical and horizontal poles with a hand saw.
Lay your vertical and horizontal poles on a flat surface according to the design on the graph paper. Space the poles according to the measurements on paper.
Wind leashing cord several times around all overlapping poles to secure them together.