Planting Instructions for Roses


Roses are fragrant flowers that come in a variety of vibrant colors. The rose is a symbolic flower, and according to the University of Illinois, roses have symbolized "love, beauty, war and politics." During the 15th century, two fighting factions represented themselves with white or red roses; this battle is known as the War of the Roses. The University of Illinois contends that fossils prove that roses are 35 million years old. Home gardeners who plant roses at home can bring some of this beauty and history to their own homes.

Step 1

Find an area in your yard that receives at least four to six hours of direct sunlight each day. Rose bushes grown in less-sunny areas produce fewer flowers. Before planting, examine several areas of your yard at various hours of the day to see which areas receive proper lighting.

Step 2

Dig a hole for each rose bush. Make each hole twice as wide and 1 1/2 times the height of the rose bush's container. Dig the hole so that it has vertical sides and a flat bottom. Save the loose soil that you remove from the hole.

Step 3

Amend the loose soil. Rose bushes require rich soil that drains well. If your soil is sandy or sandy loam, mix in compost at a ratio of 1:1 to add nutrients to the soil. If the soil is clay-like or retains water, mix in gardening sand and compost at a ratio of 1:1 to increase the drainage rate and nutrients.

Step 4

Put amended soil into the hole until the depth is equal to the height of the container.

Step 5

Carefully remove the rose bush from its container. Use your hands to gently loosen the root system.

Step 6

Place the roots into the hole and fill in the empty spaces with the amended loose soil. Tamp the soil down gently but firmly. Immediately water the rose bush to help the plant's roots work air bubbles out of the soil.

Tips and Warnings

  • Rose Magazine states that bonemeal is the only suitable fertilizer for new rose bushes.

Things You'll Need

  • Shovel
  • Gardening sand or peat moss
  • Compost


  • University of Illinois Extension: The History of Roses
  • American Plant: Rose Planting Instructions
  • Rose Magazine: Planting Roses
Keywords: planting instructions roses, plant instructions roses, rose planting instructions

About this Author

Cyn Vela is a freelance writer and professional blogger. Her work has been published on dozens of websites, as well as in local print publications. Vela's articles usually focus on where her passions lie: writing, web development, blogging, parenting, gardening, and health and wellness. She studied English literature at Del Mar College, and at the University of Texas at San Antonio.