Two years after planting grapevines, grapes will be ready for harvesting. After three years, a vine may produce 15 lbs. of grapes annually, while some varieties produce double that amount. Grapes need a long growing season, free of frost and new vines require a spring planting. Select an area with plenty of sunshine, and well-draining soil.
Begin training the new grapevine by staking two of its stronger canes, and removing suckers from the base of the canes.
Cut the grapevine back to two buds the second year, if both of the strongest canes are less than 3 feet high. Remove the weakest cane in March.
Prune once a year, when the grapevine is dormant, removing unwanted growth and as much old wood as possible.
Water newer vines more frequently than older, established vines. Irrigate heavily in the winter and early spring, prior to growth, as the grapevine has deep roots. While grapevines are drought resistant, they like a moist soil. Drip irrigation is advised for some regions.
Fertilize in the early spring, before the new growth begins, with the first fertilization two weeks after planting. Apply about 1 lb. of herbicide-free fertilizer. Test the soil every three years, to determine the soil's fertilizer needs. In some situations, gardeners only fertilize if foliage is a poor color.
Weed around the base of the plant and apply 4 to 6 inches of mulch.
Cover vines with netting, to protect the grape crop from birds.
Allow the grapes to ripen on the vine.