Orchids are perennial plants that can be both small or large. Because orchids produce beautiful flowers, they are often used to make corsages. According to the American Orchid Society, orchids are not just grown in the tropics. They can be found in every state in the US, including Alaska. If you want to grow your own orchids, you can do so with ease. Orchids only require the basics when it comes to plant care: water, light, air, and a little fertilizer.
Prepare a 20-20-20 fertilizer as instructed on the packaging. Orchids do well with balanced fertilizers. Use the fertilizer once per month during the growing season to keep your orchids healthy.
Set your orchid plant near a window where it will receive 12 hours of light per day. Keep an eye on the orchid's leaves. They will indicate whether your plant is getting enough, or too much light. The leaves should be a bright green color. If they begin to turn dark green, or greenish-red, they are getting too much light.
Water your orchids once every five to 12 days. If the atmosphere is hot and dry, water once every five days. If the atmosphere is on the cooler side, you can wait longer in between waterings.
Re-pot your orchids after two years. Make sure you cut off any dead roots when you re-pot, and that you re-pot it when the orchid is not in bloom. If you do not re-pot your orchid, the roots will begin to grow up and out of your pot.