Some seeds have two options for sowing in a garden--hills and rows. Row planting involves spacing seeds evenly along carefully placed rows in a growing area. Hill planting involves creating small mounds of garden soil and planting clusters of seeds in each soil hill. Plant a garden with cucumber hill planting for an effective growing method that will yield a plentiful harvest of cucumbers as the growing season progresses.
Cultivate a growing area in the spring after the soil temperature rises above 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Use the spade to loosen the soil 4 to 6 inches deep. Spread 2 inches of compost or aged manure over the surface of the soil and work this in with the spade. Rake the amended soil smooth with the rake.
Gather soil with the trowel to make 10-inch-high hills, making each hill between 4 and 8 feet apart. Make the surface area of the tops of the hills large enough to enable you to plant four seeds approximately 5 inches apart on the hills.
Plant the seeds on top of each hill and cover each seed with 1 inch of soil. Tamp the soil down carefully to finish planting the cucumber seeds.
Water the soil thoroughly after planting the cucumber seeds to saturate the soil evenly. Keep the soil moist while the cucumber seeds germinate and while the seedlings are very new.
Thin the cucumber plants when the seedlings each have two sets of true leaves. Remove the weakest cucumber plants to leave two or three strong cucumber plants on each hill, making sure the plants are spaced at least 5 inches apart.
Provide water for the cucumber plants if less than 1 inch of rain falls within one week.
Remove weeds that may grow near the cucumber plants by pulling them manually. Apply 2 to 3 inches of mulch around the cucumber plants to minimize weeds.
Harvest cucumbers when they are approximately 6 inches long. Cut the cucumbers from the stems with the sharp knife.