Many gardeners and hobby farmers enjoy growing a selection of grapes for use in desserts, jams and homemade wines. Growing grapes in your landscape takes up a minimal amount of garden space and provides attractive vines that produce tasty, fresh fruit. Although nurseries offer a wide selection of potted grape vines for home planting, these vines easily root from cuttings. Save money while increasing the number of vines in your vineyard by using cuttings that will grow into replicas of the parent plants and exhibit similar growth and fruiting characteristics.
Remove the tip of the cane from your selected vine. Use pruning shears to make an angled cut about 2 inches from the tip of the cane. Cut a section below the removed tip that contains about five or six buds along its length. These buds appear as raised bumps where leaves grew before the dormancy stage. Make this cut horizontal to help you differentiate between the top and the bottom of the cut cane.
Spread a thin layer of sawdust over a piece of plastic sheeting. Lay the cutting on top of the sawdust and wrap the plastic around the vine to form a cylinder. Tuck in the ends of the plastic to contain the loose sawdust. Secure with a piece of packaging tape. Store the cutting in a cool, dark environment until the soil begins to warm in the spring.
Remove the cutting from storage in the spring after the final frost of the season. Place the bottom of your cutting in a glass of water. Allow the cutting to soak for two to four hours to soften the wood and bark near the base of the vine.
Loosen the top 6 to 8 inches of soil around your planting site with a shovel. Add some compost, if neccessary, to loosen heavy, compact soils. Poke a hole in the loosened soil with the handle of the shovel.
Place the bottom of the damp, grape cutting into the hole. Insert the cutting deep enough to allow just the top bud to remain above the surface of the soil. Press the soil firmly around the grape cutting to hold it in place.
Moisten the soil around your grape cutting and keep it slightly moist as your vine begins to form new roots beneath the soil. Watch for new leaves to appear on the exposed part of your vine. These leaves normally appear within six weeks and indicate the successful rooting of your grape vine.