The appearance and longevity of flower arrangements are dependent on quality flowering plants, along with proper tools, containers and other supplies. Certain tools will make the process of arranging flowers easier and more time-efficient. Gather floral supplies as your budget permits and allow for creativity. A flower arrangement is a living piece of art.
Hand tools used in flower arranging include knives for cutting fresh flower stems, clippers or floral shears for trimming foliage, wire cutters, hand strippers for removing thorns and leaves from stems, and scissors. Sharp quality scissors are useful for cutting ribbons, fine netting or fabric, and utility scissors are available for trimming foliage and other plant materials.
Containers come in a wide variety of shapes, styles, materials and prices. Consider the function of the container and its ability to hold water, support the flower arrangement and work with the overall design. A proper container will help conceal any mechanics of construction, like floral foam or pin holders. Containers are often glass, plastic, baskets (with inserts) or ceramic. Brass or other metal containers are additional container possibilities. Keep in mind the theme of the arrangement and choose the container accordingly.
Items that provide stability to a flower arrangement include floral foam, soaking foam, pin holders (sometimes called frogs or needlepoint holders), grids and wire. Floral foams are soaked with water to hold in moisture for fresh-cut flower arrangements. A pin holder has a heavy metal base and closely spaced upright pins used to hold flowers in place. Grids that fit onto the top of a vase or other container are useful in arrangements where floral foam or other unsightly material is not wanted. Use waterproof tape to make a grid, or purchase a grid made for specific containers.
Wire, glue guns with glue sticks, liquid floral glue and spray glue contribute to floral design security. Floral clay is putty-like, and it anchors pin holders and other underwater items. Floral tape, or green tape, isn't a regular adhesive, but it will cling to itself when stretched and is used to wrap wires, bind materials, and construct corsages, boutonnieres and bouquets. Use bowl tape, or pot tape, to secure foam blocks into containers as well as for making grids for the arrangements of flowers.
Use pins and picks to help construct flower arrangements. These include greening pins (also known as philly pins or fern pins), which are used for securing moss, bank pins used for pining flowers and ribbon, dixon pins used for anchoring materials and wooden picks of various lengths.
Water tubes are often used for cut flowers that are boxed and wrapped and otherwise without a water supply. Hide small water tubes inside floral tape for corsages and other small floral arrangements.
Ribbons, candles and other decorative items are useful additional supplies for flower arrangements, depending on the theme of the design.