Sweet and juicy, mangoes are a tropical fruit that grows well only under perfect conditions in U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zone 10. Trees and fruit cannot withstand frost. Besides bearing fruit, the mango tree is an attractive landscape plant with long, narrow leaves that start out as a glossy red or purple before aging to dark green. Mango trees produce yellow-red flowers before giving way to fruit. Trees may be either Indian, which produce highly-colored red-yellow fruit, or Indochinese, which produce green or yellow fruit.
This cultivar thrives in coastal locations and was developed in San Diego from a Hawaiian seedling. Though the tree may not produce a heavy harvest, the fruits are large--up to 18 oz.--and are good for eating. "Aloha" mangoes have a dull yellow skin with a hint of red.
These trees are susceptible to anthracnose. Fruit should be ready for harvest in October or November.
This cultivar produces very large fruit--up to 24 oz.--that is nearly free of fiber, making the flesh smooth and easy to eat. The "Haden" cultivar is originally from Coconut Grove, Florida, and may be grown inland or in a greenhouse. The fruit has a yellow skin that, when ripe, is almost completely covered in red.
"Haden" mango trees may be ready for harvest as early as late July, depending on the climate, and sometimes bear fruit in alternating years. These trees are susceptible to anthracnose.
This cultivar is well-known in Australia and originated in Queensland. The "Kensington Pride" tree produces a medium to large fruit that is unique in shape and color, as it is nearly round and the skin has more of a pink blush than red. Fruit is sweet.
Good for growing inland, "Kensington Pride" trees are ready for harvest in the middle of the season, usually early fall, and harvest should take place quickly, as ripe fruit may drop.
Developed in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, the "Tommy Atkins" mango is a key export crop for Florida. Best grown inland, this cultivar produces a medium to large fruit that may be up to 16 oz. The fruit is orange-yellow, but ripens to red and has thick skin. The flesh may be fibrous, particularly if over-fertilized, and is firm and juicy with adequate flavor.
"Tommy Atkins" mangoes may be ready for harvest as early as late summer, depending on growing location. These trees are resistant to anthracnose.