Mugo pine (Pinus mugo) is a dark green, shrubby evergreen. The twin, stiff needles are 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long. Brown pine cones grow 1 to 2 inches long. Mugo pines are 3 to 20 feet tall and spread 5 to 30 feet across. This drought-resistant pine survives winters in USDA plant hardiness zone 2. Mugo pines are used as cover for wildlife, ornamental landscape plants, foundation trees, mass plantings, bonsai trees and Christmas trees. Mugo pine is also a source of turpentine oil.
Remove weeds, rocks and other unwanted plants in a 5 foot circle in full sunlight. Mugo pines prefer full sun, but will tolerate partial shade.
Loosen the soil to the depth of 36 inches with a shovel. Break up large soil clumps and remove any root masses. Do not plant mugo pines in an area with standing water.
Dig a hole as deep as the root ball and 1 foot wider. Rough up the sides of the hole with the edge of the shovel. This prevents the compaction of the soil and allows the roots to escape the planting hole.
Cut away the packaging with a sharp knife. Remove all the tags and strings on the mugo pine. Spread the roots out carefully so you do not damage the roots.
Place the mugo pine in the hole and fill it halfway with soil. Fill the hole to the top with water. Replace the rest of the soil in the hole. Firm the soil around the mugo pine tree.