Growing peach trees in your yard will provide you with an abundance of fresh, sweet fruits in three to five seasons after planting. Peach trees add a natural beauty to your landscape with its nice foliage and attractive sweet-smelling blossoms. Growing healthy peach trees requires basic care and maintenance on a regular schedule. Choose peach tree varieties appropriate for your specific location and select hardy varieties, which are typically resistant to disease and suited for colder temperatures (if applicable).
Select a location to plant your peach tree providing full sun and well-draining soil. Pick a site that allows 18 to 20 feet of spacing between other trees, buildings or objects.
Use hand tools or a mechanized tiller to cultivate the soil in an area two to five times wider than the container. Dig a hole in the center the same depth of the peach tree's container.
Carefully remove the peach tree from the container. Check the root system to ensure that it is healthy. Untangle roots (if needed) or cut away any damaged or frail roots found.
Set the peach tree in the hole and verify it is setting at the same height it was in the container, or slightly higher to allow for settling. Add or remove dirt, if needed to adjust height.
Fill the hole halfway with the removed soil and pat it gently to get rid of air pockets. Finish filling the hole, and pack it again.
Make a wall out of dirt that forms a watering ring around the newly planted peach trees planting hole. Fill the watering ring and allow it to drain. Add more dirt, if needed, to the top of the peach tree to cover the roots after settling. Fill the basin one or two times weekly during the growing season, if rainfall is less than an inch.
Spread a 3- to 6-inch layer of mulch around the peach tree. Extend it out at least 3 feet, and keep it at least 6 inches from the peach tree's trunk.
Cut the peach tree back to a height ranging from 26 to 30 inches. Remove all lateral branches on the tree. Continue to remove any lower branches, shoots appearing or any damaged branches the first year.
Apply a fertilizer, such as 10-10-10 (as directed) to the peach tree one week after planting. Spread the fertilizer around the planting area, keeping it 8 to 12 inches from the tree's trunk. Water the tree thoroughly after, and reapply fertilizer in 40 days.
Cover the entire peach tree from 2 inches under the soil and up with a watered-down (half paint, half water) white paint. This protects the tree from sunburn. Reapply the following season, if the peach tree's canopy does not provide shade to the tree's trunk.