Grass adds to the beauty and natural landscape of any yard, but it can be a challenge to maintain a lush, green lawn. Use grass seed to cover new areas or fill in areas where grass is thin, patchy or not yet established. Seeds typically germinate quickly and grow well under certain conditions. There are many different varieties of grass seed available, but when planting grass seed, all use the same methods.
Inspect the ground where you will plant the grass seed. Remove all rocks, sticks and other debris. Grade the soil, lifting the first 2 to 3 inches. This provides proper aeration for the seeds
Test your soil with a soil test kit. Grass seed grows best if the soil pH is 6.5 to 8.0. If your soil pH is below this level, apply lime to increase the pH. Apply 50 pounds of lime per 1,000 square feet of soil. If your soil pH is too high, lower it by adding sulfur. Use 400 pounds of sulfur per acre of soil. After applying the amendments, wait a week and retest the soil to ensure a proper pH.
Add 1 pound of nitrogen for every 1,000 square feet of soil. This will give the grass enough nutrients to grow.
Broadcast grass seed with a mechanical seeder or use a wheelbarrow and shovel to evenly spread the seed. Use 1 pound of seed for every 1,000 square feet of soil. Apply 2 to 3 pounds of seed for every 1,000 square feet of yard for a thicker lawn.
Rake the entire area to cover the seed. Rake the ground in several different directions to ensure the seed is evenly disbursed.
Water your newly planted grass seed every day with 2 to 3 inches of water. Once the grass begins growing, decrease the watering to every other day.