White-bread plants (Zamia pumila L.) are more commonly called coontie. Southeastern native American tribes used the roots and the fruits as flour and many people use the plant in much the same way today, according to scientists with the United States Department of Agriculture. A member of the cycad family, the bread plant is a perennial shrub that is endemic to dry, sandy locations. Grow your bread plant in partial shade.
Water the bread plant when the soil is dry. Drench the plant and then allow the soil to dry again prior to watering.
Fertilize the bread plant with 24-7-8 fertilizer, according to the rate suggested on the label, once a year, in the spring.
Inspect the bread plant periodically for signs of insect infestation. Bread plant is particularly susceptible to Florida red scale, according to Master Gardeners with the Florida Cooperative Extension Service. You can identify this insect by the brown splotches it leaves on the foliage. Insecticidal soap, applied according to the package directions, will help control an infestation.