The University of Illinois calls mango the "fruit of the gods." Instead of buying mango fruit in the store, grow the fruit on your own backyard mango tree. Not only does the tree produce dozens of sweet, juicy fruits, but it also provides lush foliage for shade during the non-fruiting season. Mango tree saplings can usually be purchased at nurseries, but you may find it more economical to grow a new tree from a mango seed.
Harvest a fresh mango from an existing tree, or select ripe fruit from a grocery store. A mango fruit is ready for harvesting within 150 days of flowering, according to Texas A&M University. Ready mangoes typically have a yellow, orange or red appearance and yellow flesh.
Cut open the fruit with a knife and remove the seed that's in the middle of the fruit. Rinse the seed off under running water to get rid of any clinging pieces of flesh.
Peel off the fibrous husk surrounding the seed. The University of Illinois suggests slicing through the husk with scissors, starting at its edge and cutting carefully toward the middle. Peel back the husk as you cut, stopping when you reveal the bean-like seed in the middle of the husk shell.
Fill a 1-gallon pot with potting soil. If you don't have potting soil on hand, create your own mixture by combining equal parts of garden loam, peat moss and perlite or sand.
Plant the mango seed. Bury the seed 1 inch below the soil surface with the seed's concave side--the part that curves inward--facing downward.
Water the pot twice daily or as needed to keep the soil moist. The seed will germinate into a visible seedling within three weeks, according to Texas A&M University.