The fig tree is believed to be indigineous to Western Asia, and according to the California Rare Fruit Growers, has been found in excavation sites as old as 5000 BC. The fig tree's popularity has not waned. Propagation of the plant by cuttings is still a regular practice. Once the cutting is established, the plant is best grown in areas with full sunlight, says George Ray McEachern, Texas A & M Extension horticulturalist. When planted properly, this tree will produce delicious fruit yearly.
Cut a limb from an established fig tree that is 6 inches in length and at least pencil thick, recommends Alabama Cooperative Extension.
Seal the cutting in a plastic bag with the end wrapped in a wet paper towel if the last frost of the year has not come. Store the cutting in the refrigerator until the spring.
Position a half sheet of newspaper at the bottom of a 4- or 6-inch deep pot and put some sand and potting mix on top of it.
Stand the cutting up straight in the pot and surround it with potting soil. Water the pot so that the soil is very moist, but not flooded.
Cover the pot with a plastic bag to store in moisture and to add heat to the cutting. Place the cutting in an area where the temperature is around 70 degrees F. Remove the plastic bag after a few days once the cutting looks healthy.
Transplant the cutting once it shows lots of new leaf growth into a new pot and fertilize the plant using a light (10-10-10) liquid fertilizer. In four to six weeks the plant will require a transplant outside.