Blueberry plants are flowering bushes that produce sweet-tasting blue-purple berries. The plant requires acidic soil for growth and fruit production. Propagate blueberry bushes to produce additional plants by taking softwood stem cuttings in late spring to early summer when the new growth is still tender. Take cuttings from the healthiest plants for best results during the propagation and rooting process.
Disinfect your cutting tools with a solution of nine parts water and one part bleach before cutting stems from the blueberry bush. Let the tool dry before using.
Cut a 6-inch softwood stem section from the blueberry bush with a sharp knife. Take softwood cuttings from current-year growth that is beginning to mature and will snap and break when bent. Wrap the cuttings in a damp paper towel and place them in a plastic bag to prevent them from drying.
Combine equal portions of sterile peat moss, course sand and perlite into a rooting medium. Lightly moisten with water and fill into a rooting tray.
Remove the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting by hand. Dip the cut end of the blueberry cutting in powdered rooting hormone and gently tap to remove excess. Stick the cut end into the rooting medium to a depth of 3 inches.
Mist the blueberry cuttings and rooting medium with the water mister and cover the tray with a clear plastic bag. Place the tray in a warm location that has indirect sunlight until the roots form. Open the plastic bag each day to fresh the air inside the bag and mist the cuttings with water.
Pull on the cuttings after four weeks of growth to see if there is resistance from root formation. Transplant the cuttings into 3-inch individual growing containers filled with sterile potting soil once the roots reach 1 inch long.
Grow the cuttings in an indoor environment for the first year of growth. Transplant the cuttings outdoors the following spring once the risk of frost has passed.