How to Grow a Hawaii Red Ginger Plant


Hawaiian red ginger (Alpinia purpurata), or awapuhi `ula`ula in Hawaiian, was brought to the islands by the original Polynesians. Growing to a height of 6 feet, it is a slow-growing plant and sometimes doesn't flower for one to three years. After that, the show begins and the red ginger will bloom year-round in huge, red, 12-inch long spikes. Red ginger is not difficult to grow if you live in USDA hardiness zones 10b to 11.

Step 1

To grow your red ginger choose a site with plenty of space and full sun.

Step 2

Amend the soil by adding 3 inches of compost and 4 inches of sphagnum peat moss. Use the gardening fork to mix the amendments to a depth of 10 inches.

Step 3

Plant the red ginger rhizome 1 inch deep and cover it with soil. If planting more than one red ginger, space them at least 4 feet apart.

Step 4

Water your red ginger frequently to keep the soil constantly moist.

Step 5

Fertilize the Hawaiian red ginger once a month with a 10-10-10 formula, or follow the rate suggested on your fertilizer package.

Step 6

Prune dead flowers off at their base.

Things You'll Need

  • Compost
  • Sphagnum peat moss
  • Gardening fork
  • Trowel
  • Fertilizer


  • University of Hawaii: Ornamental Ginger, Red and Pink
  • Texas A&M University Master Gardeners: Gingers
Keywords: Hawaiian red ginger, grow red ginger, plant red ginger

About this Author

Victoria Hunter, a former broadcaster and real estate agent, has provided audio and written services to both small businesses and large corporations, worldwide. Hunter is a freelance writer specializing in the real estate industry. She devotes her spare time to her other passions: gardening and cooking. Hunter holds a Bachelor of Arts in English/creative writing.